N.A new study showed that common red food coloring is harming people’s gut health and increasing their risk of inflammatory bowel disease.
The study, conducted by researchers at McMaster University, was published this week. Nature Communications The journal has found that the food coloring additive known as Allura Red, FD&C Red 40, or Food Red 17 may increase the risk of inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. .
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Red dyes are commonly found in candies, soft drinks, dairy products, cereals, snack foods, Doritos, several brands of jellies, and even chocolate puddings and pickles.
“Our findings are surprising and alarming because this common synthetic food dye can be a dietary trigger for IBD,” said Waliul, senior author of the study. Khan said in a statement. “This study is an important advance in alerting the public to the potential harm of the food dyes we consume every day.”
The researchers studied a group of mice, said to be suitable study subjects, to see how they responded to high doses of Red 40 over a period of 12 weeks. We specifically analyzed the effects on neuroendocrine enterocytes associated with intestinal inflammation such as nausea, diarrhea, dehydration, and hematochezia.
Findings show that affected mice have high levels of serotonin and lack healthy colonic bacteria, causing intestinal dysregulation that leads to inflammation and ulcers.
“These findings have important implications for the prevention and management of intestinal inflammation,” Khan said, adding that “further investigation of food dyes and IBD at the experimental, epidemiological, and clinical levels is needed.” pointed out that there is
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“The literature suggests that consumption of Allura Red also affects behavioral problems in children such as certain allergies, immune disorders, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,” he added. rice field.
Researchers also note that Red 40 is believed to be the most common dye used in food and beverages. It is also included in some cosmetics.